Iran in the Nazi New Order, 1933-1941

Mar 9, 2022, 12:00 pm1:00 pm
  • RSVP Required
  • Free, Open to the Public
Event Description

This talk explores the relationship between Nazi Germany and Reza Shah’s Iran by analyzing Iran’s place in the “New Order” devised by Reich Economics Minister Hjalmar Schacht. Focusing on the state economic initiatives between Germany and Iran that were the basis of their relationship during the 1930s, Jenkins argues that the Nazism’s “drive to the east,” which would require war to obtain, was built on an extensive program of global economic outreach. In the longer project, of which this paper is a part, she examines the HAPOL (Handelspolitische Abteilung or Trade Policy Division of the German Foreign Office), which implemented Schacht’s trade policies, and the bilateral clearing agreements signed between the Third Reich and industrializing nations such as Iran. Economic expansion extended well beyond the Balkans and Eastern Europe to Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Brazil, Indonesia, China and (until mid-1941) the Soviet Union. In the last part of the talk she will speak on the “other” Germans who lived in Iran in the 1930s, a group which included a large number of “Russian-German” refugees, who fled into Iran from the Soviet Union after 1930.

Watch the conversation.


Sharmin and Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Iran and Persian Gulf Studies