Shaul Shaked is a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the Hungarian Academy of Science. He was awarded the Israel Prize in Linguistics in 2000. He has been a visiting professor in several institutions, among them UC Berkeley, Harvard, Columbia, NYU, the Freie Universität Berlin, the Collège de France, and the Eötvös Loránd University (Budapest).
Among his books are: Wisdom of the Sasanian Sages; From Zoroastrian Iran to Islam; Dualism in transformation; Aramaic documents from Ancient Bactria (with Joseph Naveh); Aramaic bowl spells, vol. 1 (with J.N. Ford and S. Bhayro); Magische Texte aus der Kairoer Geniza (2 volumes, with P. Schäfer and others), Irano-Judaica (6 volumes, with A. Netzer).